Snakes

Common Snakes found in Kleinemonde

In light of the number of snakes that have been active lately, we have put together a quick reference guide to help local residents to identify some of our local species.

For the relocation of snakes from your property please call or SMS Tim Baynham on 073 934 6156. If he is not available, call Tracy Baynham on 072 223 0520.

VENOMOUS SPECIES:

Puff Adder (Bitis arietans)

puffadder

  • Thick snakes relative to body length with large triangular shaped head that is distinct from the body. Body scales are “rough”(keeled)
  • Average adult size is between 80 cm to 90 cm.
  • When disturbed will puff up body and hiss loudly.
  • Can be active both in the day and at night.

Common Night Adder (Causus rhombeatus)

nightadder

  • Stocky snakes, with adults averaging between 50 to 60cm in length.
  • Has a distinctive dark V-shape on the back of the head.
  • The back is various shades of grey, olive or light brown, with pale-edged rhombic blotches along the length of the body.
  • Mostly active at night but can also been seen during the day.

Cape Cobra (Naja nivea)

capecobra

  • Small slender cobra with a broad head. Average adult length is between 1.2m and 1.5m.
  • Colouration highly variable. Usually varying shades of brown to golden yellow.
  • When disturbed will rear up to display characteristic broad hood.
  • Active during the day and early evening.
  • Venom is a potent neurotoxin

Rinkhals (Hemachatus haemachatus)

rinkhals

  • Stocky snake with a broad head. Average adult length is about 1m.
  • Body scales are “rough” (keeled)
  • Colouration is banded in brown to black, alternating with pale grey, orange or yellowish
  • Also spreads a hood if threatened. One or two pale cross bands can be seen on the throat.
  • Can spit or spray venom in defense.

Boomslang (Dispholidus typus)

boomslang

  • Slender snake, round head with very large eyes.
  • Average adult length is between 1,5m to 1,8m.
  • Colouration is highly variable. Adults (over 1m) may be green, varying shades of brown or black and yellow.
  • Juveniles, under 1m in length, are grey/brown colour; the head is dark brown above and white below; throat is a yellow/orange colour. The eyes are emerald green. Note that any bright green snake less than one meter in length IS NOT a Boomslang.

NON – VENOMOUS SPECIES

Western Green Snake (Philothamnus natalensis)

greensnake

  • Bright emerald green snake less than one meter in length.
  • The tail is often more blue in colour than green.
  • Very common in the area and is completely harmless.
  • They climb very well but are often seen on the ground.

Mole Snake (Pseudaspis cana)

molesnake

  • Large robust species that can reach two meters in length.
  • Colour in adults vary from black to various shades of brown.
  • Juveniles are blotched, the body is light red brown with rows of pale edged spots.
  • The head is not distinct from the body and the is nose pointed and slightly hooked.

Southern Brown Egg-Eater (Dasypeltis inornata)

browneggeater

  • Reddish brown snake with a rounded head. Average adults length is around 80 cm
  • Body scales are “rough” or keeled.
  • Feeds exclusively on birds eggs.
  • When threatened they coil up into a horse shoe shape rubbing their rough scales together creating a hissing sound while at the same time striking out with mouth open. The inside of the month is dark in colour.

Common Slug –Eater (Duberria lutrix)

slugeater

  • Small snakes, around 30cm to 40cm in length.
  • The back is brick red to pale brown. The flanks are paler grey to light brown.
  • Feed exclusively on slugs and snails. Great for gardeners!

Brown Water Snake (Lycodonomorphus rufulus)

watersnake

  • Small snakes seldom growing larger than 70cm.
  • The back is uniform brown. The belly is a pinkish brown colour.
  • Found in and around water and feed mostly on frog.

Cape Centipede Eater (Aparallactus capensis)

capecentripede

  • Small snakes growing to a length of about 35cm.
  • Body colouration is light brown to reddish brown.
  • Characterized by black neck collar and dark brown to almost black head.
  • As name implies they feed on centipedes.

Olive House snake (Lamprophis inornatus)

olivehousesnake

  • Average length 70 cm to 80 cm.
  • Olive green to almost black in colour. The belly is a light grey green colour.
  • They kill prey through constriction and feed mostly on rodents but will also eat lizards and other snakes.